Burials in Council cemeteries may take place Monday to Friday between 9am and 3pm (2.30pm on Friday). The cemeteries are administered through the office at Landican Cemetery and Crematorium, who should be contacted as soon as possible.
You will need to complete an Application for Interment Form and provide the Registrars Certificate for Cremation or Burial, or the Coroners Order for Burial.
If the family already has the Exclusive Right of Burial in a grave, the appropriate grave details, and if available the Grave Deed, must be provided to the cemetery office.
In order to allow sufficient time to prepare the grave, two working days notice is required before the service.
The funeral service can be conducted at the graveside, alternatively the service can be held in the Chapels within Landican, Frankby, Bebington or Wallasey Cemeteries.
The coffin for burial can be traditional, biodegradable (cardboard) or made of other biodegradable material such as woven willow.
As with cremation the use of traditional hearse and limousines could be dispensed with and alternative vehicles used for the journey to the cemetery.
Burials in private land
Although burial principally occurs in purpose designed cemeteries or churchyards, there are some exceptions.
Families with large estates have routinely built a mausoleum or similar building on their land, for the burial of family members.
Some individuals have been buried in farmland and others in gardens without this becoming generally known. More recently, this form of burial has obtained media coverage and numbers have significantly increased.
Much of this has been due to the Natural Death Centre, a charity formed to support a less formalised routine for funerals, as well as a better approach to death generally.
They have issued a handbook and a further publication called 'Green Burial', which explains how to manage these burials within legal and planning requirements.
Advantages of this form of burial:
- it allows you to organise a very personal funeral, in which you maintain total control
- you are able to reduce costs significantly by not having to purchase a grave in a cemetery
- some families may make their own coffin and undertake the whole funeral themselves whilst others may use a Funeral Director
It is essential that you obtain permission to complete a burial, where you are not the landowner of the ground involved. You are also advised to notify any individual or mortgage company that has an interest in the property.
Access to the grave may be denied or restricted by change of ownership.
The difficulties are also significant, although these vary according to the location. Most locations fall into two categories, on farmland and in a garden.
Burial in farmland
These locations are rarely overlooked and will not offend neighbours or the public at large. The graveside should be on land with a deep water table and be sufficient distance from watercourses so as not to pose a pollution threat. Electrical and other services must obviously be avoided.
A limited number of burials over a period of time may not constitute a 'change of use' and no planning is thereby necessary.
Information submitted by the Natural Death Centre states 'Recent local authority Certificates of Lawfulness have decided that planning permission is not required for the non-commercial burial on private land of a limited number of family, friends or those living in the house.
These decisions have been tested in the courts. The Department of the Environment are more cautious, and accept merely that planning permission is not required for the burial of one or two person in back gardens'.
Exceeding a 'limited' number of burials may require planning approval for use as a cemetery or for 'mixed use' if farming is also to continue.
Safe grave excavation would be a further consideration, as well as leaving sufficient depth of soil (three feet) over the body. If it is intended to fence or mark the grave(s) with a memorial, planning permission may be required.
In effect, a single burial in a farm situation can proceed without an approach to, or the approval of, any council or other official organisation.
Burial in a garden
The situation in a garden is complicated by the proximity of neighbours. They may oppose a burial nearby and may be offended by the sight of a coffin or body.
Although these may not pose legal objections, it may not be conducive to good relationships. Otherwise, the aspects outlined under farm burials above are broadly similar.
The particular difficulty in these locations is the reduction of the property value due to the presence of a grave. Although figures of 20 per cent are mentioned, this has yet to be proven. Undoubtedly, a significant fall will occur although the fact many buyers would not even consider the purchase at all seems more relevant.
Two major concerns influence this choice of burial. Firstly, the body could be exhumed by any new property purchaser, and re-buried in a cemetery.
This reason for obtaining an exhumation licence has yet to be tested, neither has the need to obtain consent from the near relatives.
There are legal means (restrictive covenant) by which you can ensure the grave remains untouched, but this will involve costs and other uncertainties. Secondly, details of the burial will not be officially recorded, as they would be in a cemetery.
It would seem that the Registration of Burials Act 1864 would apply to both back garden and farmland burial and that an appropriate register should be kept.
This register could be in the form of a notebook containing the necessary details of the burial(s). It would also seem appropriate to mark the precise location of the burial(s) on the plans of the property and retain these with the deeds.
A certificate for burial issued by a Coroner of Registrar of Births and Deaths will have to be obtained. The detachable section of this is to be completed and returned to the Registrar by the person arranging burial.
It is important to note that, as explained above, the Registrar does not record the details of the burial, including the burial location. The Registrar is appointed to record population data and is not able to record the place of burial.